ARCHAEOLOGISTS were left on the verge of tears when excavations in the ancient city of Jerusalem exposed the remains of a fortified wall from the biblical First Temple period.
The First Temple period (1200 to 586 BC) describes one of the most thrilling but enigmatic periods in the Holy Land’s history. Although the Bible paints a vivid picture of life in Jerusalem during the time of the First Temple – Solomon’s Temple – very little archaeological evidence has survived of this holy structure. According to the biblical account, the temple was toppled in 586 BC after an army of Babylonians led by King Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem.
The invading forces razed the city to the ground, plundered its riches and drove many of its people into exile or captivity.
A passage in the Bible’s 2 Kings 25:9 reads: “He burned the house of the LORD, the kings’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every great house he burned with fire.”
And yet, recent excavations in the City of David have unearthed fortifications and artefacts with tantalising links to this biblical period.
The City of David encompasses parts of a Palestinian and Israeli village, believed to be the oldest parts of Jerusalem dating to the Iron Age.
Archaeology news: The ancient wall was destroyed by Babylonian invaders (Image: Kobi Harati, City of David; Eliyahu Yanai, City of David Archive; Yaniv Berman, IAA)
Archaeologists in the City of David National Park have uncovered a missing fragment of Jerusalem’s eastern wall, which was destroyed by the Babylonian invaders.
The wall’s remains were found near the Temple Mount, the contested centre of spiritual life in Jerusalem.
Measuring just 16ft (5m) across, the wall was one of many discoveries made on the site, including ancient artefacts and ruins of homes.
Most importantly, however, the discovery proves the ancient city of Jerusalem was surrounded by an impressive, fortified wall.
Fragments of the fortifications have been found in the 1960s and 1970s but they were disconnected and assumed to be part of separate structures.
Upon figuring out the significance of the discovery, one of the archaeologists was overcome with emotion.
Dr Filip Vukosavovic of the Ancient Jerusalem Research Center, who coordinated the dig, was quoted by Jerusalem Post, saying: “When we exposed the first part of the wall, an area about one metre per one metre large, I immediately understood what we had found. I almost cried.”
According to the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), the fortification protected the ancient city during “the time of the kings of Judah” until the city was toppled 2,600 years ago.
The IAA announced in a Facebook post: “The excavations uncovered remains of the destruction, however, not all was destroyed and parts of the walls were found still standing.