The Remains Of A 2,000-Year-Old Nomadic ‘Royal’ Found In Russia
A farmer in Russia uncovered something strange while digging on his land: a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing the corps and artifacts of a nomadic royal, including a weird “laughing” man skull.
They found stunning gold and silver jewelry, weaponry, treasures, and domestic artistic objects next to the chieftain’s skeleton in a grave near the Caspian Sea in southern Russia.
The shovel of Rustam Mudayev – a local farmer in Russia, made a strange noise. He had struck an old bronze pot near his village of Nikolskoye in the Astrakhan region.
He brought it to the Astrakhan History museum to analyze and ask the opinion of the experts on the discovery.
‘As soon as the snow melted, we organized an expedition to the village,’ said Georgy Stukalov, a museum scientific researcher.
‘After inspecting the site, we found that it was a royal mound, a burial site for aristocrats of ancient nomads.’
Researchers believed that the burial belongs to a leader of a Sarmatian nomadic tribe that ruled this region of Russia until the 5th century AD, and other dignitaries of the ancient world, including a “smiling” young man with artificially deformed egg-shaped skulls and excellent teeth that have survived for two thousand years.
After 12 day excavation, we’ve discovered a lot of gold jewelry decorated with turquoise, inserts of lapis lazuli, and glass,” Mr. Stukalov said.
The most ‘ important ‘ find is a male skeleton buried inside a wooden coffin.
This chieftain wore a robe decorated with gold plagues, and his head was lifted as if it was lying on a pillow.
His collection of knives, gold artifacts, a little mirror, and other pots found by archaeologists indicate his privileged position.
They collected the chief’s knife and a gold and turquoise belt buckle, as well as a miniature gold horse’s head buried between his legs and other beautiful jewelry.
A woman with a bronze mirror had been buried nearby, along with a sacrificial offering of a whole lamb and several stone artifacts whose meaning is unknown.
Another grave belonged to an older man, whose skeleton had been broken by an excavator, but his horse’s head was buried with him, which was still wearing an exquisite harness with silver and bronze decorations.
They also found the skeleton of a young male with an artificially distorted egg-shaped head in the burial mound.
During infancy, multiple bandaging or ‘ringing’ of the head are thought to have molded the shape.
For the first years of a child’s existence, such bandages and rings were worn to distort the skull into the expected shape.
Ancient peoples such as the Sarmatians, Alans, Huns, and others shaped and elongated their skulls in this way.
It is thought that such deformed heads symbolized a person’s special status and noble roots and their privileged position in their societies.
The burials date to around 2,000 years ago, during the reign of the Sarmatian nomadic tribes in what is now southern Russia.
‘These discoveries will help us comprehend what was going on here at the start of civilization,’ said Sergey Morozov, governor of the Astrakhan district. The site is still being excavated.